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Anzac Day 2015
Saturday 25 April 2015 

Anzac day in Australia is the anniversary of the first major military action fought by Australian and New Zealand forces during the First World War.


ANZAC Day and Remembrance Day


Anzac day in Australia is the anniversary of the first major military action fought by Australian and New Zealand forces during the First World War.

Australians come together on ANZAC Day and spend time remembering the sacrifices of those who died in war protecting our country.

Anzac Biscuit Recipe

Anzacs are an Aussie favorite - They are are great tasting and easy to make. Cook some up this Anzac day to share with your family and friends.

See below for an Anzac Biscuit Recipe

 


Anzac Biscuits.

A group of women during World War 1 decided to make biscuits to send to the soldiers that would provide nutrition and keep for a long time. They were originally called "Soldiers biscuits" but after Gallipoli the name was changed to Anzac biscuits. Anzacs are an Aussie favorite - They are are great tasting and easy to make.

Anzac Biscuits - A group of women during World War 1 decided to make biscuits to send to the soldiers that would provide nutrition and keep for a long time
Anzac Biscuits are still a favourite treat amongst Australians
today and are very easy to make.

Recipe for Anzac Biscuits.
1 cup rolled oats
1 cup plain flour
1 cup sugar
¾ cup coconut
125g (4oz) butter
2 tablespoons golden syrup
½ teaspoon bicarbonate of soda
1 tablespoon boiling water

1) Combine oats, sifted flour, sugar and coconut.
2) Combine butter and golden syrup, stir over gentle heat in a small saucepan until melted.
3) Mix bicarbonate of soda with boiling water in a teacup. Add to melted butter mixture. Pour into dry ingredients and stir.
4) Place tablespoonfuls of mixture on oven trays (for easy cleanup place a piece of baking paper on the tray)
5) Cook in a slow oven for 15-20 minutes. Makes about 35.
6) Try and stop your family eating them while they are still warm and soft.
Once they are cool they will go harder and you can store them in a container.

Download Anzac Biscuit Recipe ( PDF49kb)

 




Books on Anzacs - Anzac Day Reading
The Anzac Book

The Anzac Book

Created by soldiers under enemy fire and in extreme hardship, "The Anzac Book" provides a unique insight into life at Gallipoli. Containing illustrations, stories, cartoons and poems intended as a Christmas and New Year diversion for soldiers facing a harsh winter on the frontline, it was the finest 'trench publication' produced during the Great War and an instant bestseller. This new facsimile edition of the 1916 book includes a foreword by acclaimed author Les Carlyon and material originally rejected by the editor, official war correspondent Charles Bean, but preserved in the collections of the Australian War Memorial. "The Anzac Book" is a timeless reminder of the stoical endurance, reckless bravery, and humour in adversity of the original Anzacs.
Anzac Fury: The Bloody Battle of Crete 1941

Anzac Fury

In 2010 it will be exactly 70 years since the 2nd AIF arrived in the Middle East to begin their extraordinary adventures in battles against the German and Italian armies in North Africa, mainland Greece and Crete prior to the outbreak of the Pacific War.
25 April 1915: The Day the Anzac Legend Was Born

25 April 1915

On the 25th of April 1915 Australian troops landed on the Gallipoli Peninsula in what is now called Anzac Cove. They rushed from the beach up to Plugge's Plateau into Australian military history suffering many casualties on the way. Just after midday troops from New Zealand landed at Gallipoli and together the Australians and New Zealanders created the Anzac legend.

It was the events of this first day that set the course of the whole battle leading to the evacuation of the Anzac troops in December 1915. This is the story of that day telling the Australian, New Zealand and Turkish side of what was to become a tragedy for all three countries and an ultimate triumph for Turkey.

Operation Mincemeat: The True Spy Story That Changed the Course of World War II

Operation Mincemeat

Ben Macintyre, bestselling author of "Agent Zigzag", weaves together private documents, photographs, memories, letters and diaries, as well as newly released material from the intelligence files of MI5 and Naval Intelligence, to tell for the first time the full story of Operation Mincemeat.

The Encyclopaedia of Australia's Battles

The Encyclopaedia of Australia's Battles

This definitive encyclopaedia describes all the major battles in which Australians have fought over more than 200 years up-dated to include Australia's involvements in the Middle East and Afghanistan.

The Encyclopaedia of Australia's Battles contains concise descriptions of all the major battles that have taken place in Australia or in which Australians have been involved over more than 200 years - from frontier clashes between Aborigines and Europeans, participation by colonial forces in Britain's small wars in the 19th century, through to the World Wars and other conflicts of the 20th century, up to and including involvement in East Timor. Arranged chronologically, over 300 battles are detailed - at sea, on the ground and in the air. A ready reference is provided, listing the date and location of each event, and the main units and commanders involved. Based on studies of historical records and first-hand accounts, and illustrated with explanatory maps, contemporary drawings and photographs of the fighting in progress, a concise and readable account of the course of the battle and its outcome is given. Compiled by one of Australia's leading historians, it is both a reference for the military specialist and an illuminating guide for general readers unaware of the breadth and history of the Australian experience of combat.

ANZACS at War

ANZACS at War

Ninety-five years after those fateful battles on a Turkish beach, this is the ultimate tribue to the ANZAC legend, including a rare collection of 15 beautifully recreated facsimile documents.

When the Anzac (Australian and New Zealand Army Corps) forces landed at Gallipoli in 1915 they had no idea that they had taken their first steps in creating what would become known as the Australian and New Zealand national character and a legend that would forever define them. Through over 15 beautifully recreated facsimile documents, including maps, diaries, official reports, telegrams and personal letters, Anzacs at War shows why, more than any other fighting force in history, Anzacs have been praised for their courage, endurance, skill, good humour and comradeship. Beginning with the bloody battles of the First World War, and continuing through the Second World War, Korea, Vietnam and the Gulf War, up to the present century's War on Terror, this book explores how bitter conflicts shaped the national character and reveals the vital nature of the Anzacs' role in all the major conflicts of the 20th century and beyond.

The Gallipoli Letter
The Gallipoli Letter
The vivid, charged and emotional letter that changed the course of the Gallipoli campaign. In September 1915, Keith Murdoch, then a young war journalist, wrote an 8000-word letter to the Prime Minister, Andrew Fisher. 'The Gallipoli Letter', as it came to be known, changed the course of the Gallipoli campaign. The letter, protesting against the conduct of the campaign and describing conditions at the front, is both intimate and conversational. It is also at times angry, passionate, vivid and very moving. At times, it is simply heartbreaking: "The heroic Fourth Brigade was reduced in three days' fighting to little more than 1000 strong. You will be glad to know that the men died well." The letter changed the course of the campaign: Hamilton, the general in charge of the campaign, was sent home, and the Allies were withdrawn in December of the same year. The Gallipoli Letter is an inspiring document. It speaks directly to us about war, our history and the indomitable Australian spirit. Accessible and compelling, it is a vital part of our history and the enduring Anzac legend.
Caesar: The True Story of a Canine ANZAC Hero
Caesar: The True Story of a Canine ANZAC Hero
A superb true story about the courage and loyalty of a dog and his handler in wartime. When the New Zealand Rifle Brigade marched down Queen Street to board their transport ship to the Western Front, they were led by their mascot, a bulldog named Caesar. One of those waving him farewell was four-year-old Ida, whose favourite ribbon had been tied to Caesar's collar by his handler, her Uncle Tom.

Trained as a Red Cross dog, Caesar rescued wounded soldiers from the hell of no-man's-land. Uncle Tom wrote home about their adventures to Ida, who eventually passed the stories on to her children and grandchildren. Patricia Stroud, Ida's daughter, tells the poignant story of an unsung Kiwi hero, and a little-known aspect of the First World War. First published for younger readers, Caesar's story has been expanded to include Gallipoli and the Western Desert. With personal anecdotes and accounts, Caesar's story can now be seen in the wider context of New Zealand's contribution to the First World War.
The Other Anzacs: Nurses at War 1914-1918
The Other Anzacs: Nurses at War 1914-1918
By the end of the Great War, 45 Australian and New Zealand nurses had died on overseas service and over 200 had been decorated. These were women who left for war on an adventure, but were soon confronted with remarkable challenges for which their civilian lives could never have prepared them. They were there for the horrors of Gallipoli and they were there for the savagery the Western Front. Within twelve hours of the slaughter at Anzac Cove they had over 500 horrifically injured patients to tend on one crammed hospital ship, and scores of deaths on each of the harrowing days that followed. Every night was a nightmare. Their strength and humanity were remarkable.

Using diaries and letters, Peter Rees takes us into the hospital camps, and the wards and the tent surgeries on the edge of some of the most horrific battlefronts of human history.
A Place to Remember: A History of the Shrine of Remembrance

A Place to Remember: A History of the Shrine of Remembrance
On the 11th of November 1934 over 300,000 people gathered on the slopes of Melbourne's Domain to witness the dedication of the Shrine. It was the largest state war memorial Australia would build and it commemorated the sacrifice of no fewer than 114,000 Victorians who served in the Great War. A Place to Remember charts the Shrine's history from the first fatalities of the Gallipoli landing to the present day.
With deft hand and luminous style, Bruce Scates masterfully situates the Shrine in its larger physical, cultural and historical landscape. Archival image and first person vignette mesh with vivid prose to reveal The Shrine then and now; its changing patterns of meaning through the many conflicts in which Australians have fought and died, and the enduring significance of this grand memorial in the heart of Melbourne, for generations to come. This special, limited edition is leather bound and comes in a slip-case.

A Stout Pair of Boots: Exploring Australia's Battlefields
A Stout Pair of Boots:
Exploring Australia's Battlefields

Australians have begun to travel more and more to the places where their armed forces have fought overseas - the Western Front, the Burma-Thailand railway, and above all, Gallipoli. This book provides the background and essential information to enable battlefield visitors to make the most of these trips. It will help them understand what happened and why.
Untold Stories from War Correspondent Charles Bean and Front-line ANZACS
Gallipoli:
Untold Stories from War Correspondent Charles Bean and Front-line ANZACS

Commemorates the 90th anniversary of Gallipoli. Superb photographic book brings to life the untold stories of front-line Anzacs and the war Correspondent Charles Bean (Sydney Morning Herald) with photographs from Phillip Schuler (The Age). Although Australian originated, this book has significant NZ content. Gallipoli was a tragic campaign: 2000 Anzacs slaughtered in first 24 hours; 11,410 Anzacs in the nine months (of which 2700 were New Zealanders).

This unique book combines for the first time the official recordings of Bean and Schuler: many of the photos never published before. extracts from Bean's private diaries in which he recorded the realities he was not allowed to print in his newspaper stories because of wartime censorship.

Another unique element are the personal stories of more than 100 Australians and NZers who served at Gallipoli. Following an appeal to readers, the Sydney Morning Herals, The Age and Dominion Post were inundated with memorabilia, diaries and photos from families to include in this book.
The Anzac Experience: New Zealand, Australia and Empire in the First World War
The Anzac Experience:
New Zealand, Australia and Empire in the First World War

The gripping story of Australians, New Zealanders and Canadians at war - from the Boer War in South Africa to the cataclysmic struggle of the First World War.
Soldier Boy: The True Story of Jim Martin, the Youngest Anzac
Soldier Boy: The True Story of Jim Martin, the Youngest Anzac
On 28th June 1915, young James Martin sailed from Melbourne on the troopship Berrima - bound, ultimately, for Gallipoli. He was just fourteen years old. This is Jim's extraordinary story, the story of how a young and enthusiastic schoolboy became Australia's youngest Anzac. Ages 12 and over.
Colour Of War, The Anzacs Colour Of War, The Anzacs DVD (M)
Russell Crowe has narrated a groundbreaking television series about Anzacs, which explores the bond between Australian and New Zealand soldiers during war.

The documentary series reveals footage of Anzac Day ceremonies never seen before, including images of soldiers marching on Anzac Day in Adelaide in 1936. It explores the role of Australians and New Zealanders in wars ranging from World War I to Vietnam.

The series was created as a Film Australia National Interest Program, which involved years of painstaking work by film researchers.

A Rose for the Anzac Boys
A Rose for the Anzac Boys
The 'war to end all wars', as seen through the eyes of three young women. It is 1915. War is being fought on a horrific scale in the trenches of France, but it might as well be a world away from 16-year-old New Zealander Midge Macpherson, at school in England learning to be a young lady. But the war is coming closer: Midge's brothers are in the army, and her twin, Tim, is listed as 'missing' in the devastating defeat of the Anzac forces at Gallipoli. Desperate to do their bit, and avoid the boredom of school and the restrictions of Society, Midge and her friends Ethel and Anne start a canteen in France, caring for the endless flow of wounded soldiers returning from the front. Exhaustively researched but written with the lightest of touches, this is Jackie French at her very best.
Kokoda

Kokoda

For Australians, Kokoda is the iconic battle of World War II, yet few people know just what happened - and just what our troops achieved. Conditions on the track were hellish - rain was constant, the terrain close to inhospitable, food and ammunition supplies were practically non-existent and the men constantly battled malaria and dysentery, as well as the Japanese.
Medals: The Researcher's Guide
Medals: The Researcher's Guide
This system presents great opportunities for historical research, whether your starting point is an ancestor, a regiments, a campaign, or a medal. Useful information relating to individuals presented with awards is contained in sources still available today., such as the First World War medal rolls which are the nearest we have to a full 'roll-call' for the Great War.

Unlike other works that focus on medals identification, this guide shows you how to fully exploit the associated records, and to extend your research into sources such as the censuses and War Diaries.

Dulce Et Decorum Est


by Wilfred Owen (18 March 1893 – 4 November 1918)


Bent double, like old beggars under sacks,
Knock-kneed, coughing like hags, we cursed through sludge,
Till on the haunting flares we turned our backs
And towards our distant rest began to trudge.
Men marched asleep. Many had lost their boots
But limped on, blood-shod. All went lame; all blind;
Drunk with fatigue; deaf even to the hoots
Of disappointed shells that dropped behind.


GAS! Gas! Quick, boys!-- An ecstasy of fumbling,
Fitting the clumsy helmets just in time;
But someone still was yelling out and stumbling
And floundering like a man in fire or lime.
--Dim, through the misty panes and thick green light
As under a green sea, I saw him drowning.


In all my dreams, before my helpless sight,
He plunges at me, guttering, choking, drowning.


If in some smothering dreams you too could pace
Behind the wagon that we flung him in,
And watch the white eyes writhing in his face,
His hanging face, like a devil's sick of sin;
If you could hear, at every jolt, the blood
Come gargling from the froth-corrupted lungs,
Obscene as cancer, bitter as the cud
Of vile, incurable sores on innocent tongues,
--My friend, you would not tell with such high zest
To children ardent for some desperate glory,
The old Lie: Dulce et decorum est
Pro patria mori.

"Dulce et decorum est pro patria mori" is a Latin quote from Horace meaning "it is sweet and fitting to die for one's country."

Wilfred Owen's poem "Dulce Et Decorum Est" was written during his World War I experience. Owen an officer in the British Army was deeply opposed the intervention of one nation into another.





The poppy belongs to Remembrance Day, 11 November. In Australia, single poppies are not usually worn on ANZAC Day, however wreaths of poppies are traditionally placed at memorials and honour boards on ANZAC Day.


Gallipoli - The First Day
The ABC have put together a documentary website about the WW1 ANZAC landing at Gallipoli, on 25 April 1915. This website is fantastic and well worth having a look at. It covers the ANZAC landing , Personnel, Campaign overview and Military hardware. This is a great way for future generations to learn about the History of ANZAC day.


Anzac Day Australia





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